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Preamble

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a 1[SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC] and

 

to secure to all its citizens:

 

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

 

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

 

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

 

and to promote among them all

 

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the 2[unity and integrity of the Nation];

 

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

 

 

 

1Subs. by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, s. 2, for “SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).

 

2Subs. by s. 2, ibid., for “unity of the Nation” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).

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